海洋地球物理学

发布者:时振波发布时间:2018-06-08浏览次数:900

海洋地球物理学专业是我国建立最早、海洋特色鲜明、结构完整的海洋地球物理勘探本科专业。2003年自主设立博士学位授予权,2007年“地球探测与信息技术”确立为山东省省级重点学科,2003年建成“海底资源与探测技术”山东省重点实验室,2001年建成“海底科学与探测技术”教育部重点实验室。现已形成陆-海、理-工、高技术探测-信息技术密切结合的门类齐全的学科体系,拥有以中青年博士、教授为主体的人才梯队。“十五”期间,依托先进的海洋探测与实验技术手段及承担的数十项国家863和国家自然科学基金等研究课题,必将在人才培养、学科建设及出高水平成果方面实现跨越式发展。

海洋探测是21世纪人类科学中最重要的课题之一,也是地学界在21世纪须首要突破的热点问题之一。海洋地球物理学是海洋科学的重要分枝,在海洋地学一些重大理论的建立、海洋油气资源勘探、天然气水合物探测、海洋国土划界等方面发挥着重要的作用。本专业将以中国大陆架及邻近海域为研究对象,重点研究中国边缘海的地球物理场特征、构造演化及其动力学过程,注重海洋油气资源的地球物理探测新方法、新技术的研究和开发,为海洋油气资源的开发和利用、海洋环境地球科学研究等提供基础资料和技术支撑。

In the colleges of our country, marine geophysics is the only one developed from marine geophysical prospecting and also the marine geophysics undergraduate specialty which is the earliest establishment, marine characteristic distinctly and structure integrity. Autonomy to set up a doctorate in 2003 and Geo-prospecting and Information Techinque was established as the provincial-level key subject of ShandongProvince in 2007. Submarine Geoscience and Prospecting Technique was established as the provincial-level key lab of ShandongProvince in 2003. Integrated subjects including land and sea, science and engineering, high-tech exploration and information technique has been built. The subject has an echelon with many young and middle-aged doctors and professors. By advanced marine exploration and experiment technique and dozens of projects of National 863 Program and Chinese National Natural Science Foundation, the subject will achieve leap-forward development in talents training, subject construction and high-level achievement.

Marine exploration is one of the most important subjects of the 21th century and also the most hot spots to breakthrough to geo-scientific community of the 21th century. Marine Geophysics, which is an important branch of Marine Science, plays an important role in establishment of major theory of marine geo-scientific community, marine oil&gas prospecting, gas hydrate exploration, the delimitation ofocean. Focusing on continental shelf and adjacent sea areas of China and mainly studying the geophysical fields of China’s marginal seas, tectonic evllution and dynamic process and attaching importance to the research and development of new geophysical prospecting methods and techniques to survey marine oil&gas, the specialty will offer material and back-up technology for the developmentand utilization of marine oil&gas and study on marine environmental.